Once the player constructs a crafting table using planks (four wooden planks in a 2x2 square), he/she is able to construct more advanced items such as tools, chests and furnaces. The crafting table has a larger 3x3 crafting grid and the ability to create tools and weapons. Some items take more time and effort to gather resources for than others.
In order to craft objects successfully, the player must make a shape of the desired object in the crafting grid. When the player has successfully arranged the materials in the right order within the grid, the object to be produced will appear in a separate, single box of the crafting interface, where the player may pick it up and place it in their inventory. In Minecraft: Xbox 360 Edition, Minecraft: Xbox One Edition and Minecraft: Pocket Edition, the interface tells the player all the ingredients needed to craft the object in question while in the PC version the player must find out the recipes on their own without the recipe book which will be added in the 1.12 update (upcoming).
A crafting table is the main tool for crafting. It is impossible to succeed in Minecraft without the use of a crafting table as it is needed to create: Pickaxes, Armor, Weapons, Furnaces and most other items.
In Minecraft: PlayStation 4 Edition, the items needed to craft an object are displayed in the crafting grid without the need of recipes. This makes the crafting grid more of a visual 'ingredient' list. This was likely added so that casual gamers could enjoy the game without spending a lot of time learning recipes as well as to lessen the already-high learning curve. Another possibility is that it is difficult to quickly move items around the inventory crafting grid by using a controller alone (even with the touch-pad it is still not as easy as using a computer mouse).