A Potion is a type of consumable item which can grant a player special Status Effects. There are several different types of potions, and most types can be made out of a variety of materials. Potions can be brewed in a Brewing Stand. The main starter ingredient to potions are Nether Warts. While potions can be started with other ingredients, it is typically easier to use a Nether Wart first.
1. Start by crafting a brewing stand in a Crafting Table by arranging the ingredients in the following manner:
3. Fill the Glass Bottles with Water by right-clicking on a water source or a cauldron while holding the bottles. Once the player has finished filling the bottles, they can begin Brewing.4. Put 1–3 Water Bottles inside the Brewing Stand and then put the first base ingredient (Usually Nether Wart) in the top slot. When it finishes brewing, the player should have an Awkward Potion if they used a Nether Wart.
5. Once the player has an Awkward Potion, they can put other ingredients in the top slot to create several different effects.
TIP: If the player is unsure which ingredients to use, look at the Potion Recipes section below.
Ingredients have a wide range of effects most of which develop certain types of potions with a few ingredients that specify the type of potion being brewed.
Bases are key ingredients that typically start off the brewing process. Bases are the first ingredient added to the filled Glass Bottles. The most commonly used base is the Nether Wart since it is needed to make the largest range of possible potions. The types of bases are:
Secondary ingredients are the ingredients that determine the type of potion (in other words, the effect). They are:
- Blaze Powder
- Fermented Spider Eye
- Ghast Tear
- Glistering Melon
- Golden Carrot
- Magma Cream
- Rabbit's Foot
- Spider Eye
Converters describe the aspects of the current potion. It can alter the length-of-effect, positivity, or use. Types of converters are:
- Nether Wart → Glistering Melon → Fermented Spider Eye
- Nether Wart → Spider Eye → Fermented Spider Eye
- Nether Wart → Glistering Melon → Fermented Spider Eye ↔ Glowstone Dust
- Nether Wart → Spider Eye → Fermented Spider Eye ↔ Glowstone Dust
- ? → ? → ? (Potion was added to the game in The Combat Update, but the recipe is unknown at this time)
- Nether Wart → Sugar → Fermented Spider Eye ↔ Redstone
- Nether Wart → Magma Cream → Fermented Spider Eye ↔ Redstone
There are different categories of potions, such as poison's variations: Poison, Poison II, and Poison Extended. A regular potion has the normal effects, which come naturally when it is first brewed, but some potions can be enhanced in two ways.
Extending DurationIf a player adds Redstone to a potion, it makes the potion last longer, thereby creating Poison extended ("ext" is added to the end of the potion's name). This enhancement can be applied to most potions, except for those that have an instant effect (i.e. Harming or Healing.)
Increasing EffectsIf a player adds Glowstone Dust to a potion, it makes the potion more potent/stronger, thereby creating Poison II. This can be done up to a maximum level of 4 (IV). Some potions cannot be enhanced in this way, as they activate an effect that can be only active, or inactive (i.e. Invisibility, since players cannot become even more invisible than they already are.)
The following effects only apply to the regular potion without any duration or potency extents added to it.
- Fire Resistance - Gives immunity to damage from fire, lava, and ranged Blaze attacks.
- Harming - Inflicts 3 hearts of damage instantly.
- Healing - Restores 3 hearts instantly.
- Invisibility - Renders the player invisible. Equipped/wielded items and armor are still visible to other players.
- Leaping - The player can jump higher than normal, and it reduces fall damage.
- Luck- Increases player's chance of getting a rare drop similar to the Fortune enchantment.
- Night Vision - Makes everything appear at max light level including underwater areas.
- Poison - Deals damage to Health over time.
- Regeneration - Restores health over time by approximately 1 heart every 2.4 seconds.
- Slowness - Player's movement is slowed to a crouch for 1 minute and 30 seconds.
- Swiftness - Increases the player's walking speed, sprinting speed, and jumping length by 20%.
- Strength - Adds 1 and 1/2 heart damage to all melee attacks with or without a weapon.
- Water Breathing - Enables the player to breathe underwater, or stay underwater for a longer duration.
- Weakness - Reduces all melee attacks by 1 heart damage. This will also make it so a player cannot cause damage without using a weapon.
- The Potion of Healing harms undead mobs (this includes mobs like Zombies, Skeletons, Wither Skeletons, and the Wither), but the Potion of Harming heals those mobs.
- The idea of Sugar being used to make Potions of Swiftness may be based on the theory that sugar makes some people hyperactive.
- The idea of Golden Carrots being used to make Night Vision potions may be based on the theory that carrots help people see better (which is only true in people with low amounts of vitamin A).